Security and FileVault

Last edited: January 13, 2020

So something that makes OpenCore truly special is how it's been built with security in mind which is quite rare especially in the Hackintosh community. Well here we'll be going through setting up FileVault and talking about 2 features of OpenCore:

  • ScanPolicy

  • Vault(work in progress)

FileVault Setup

To start, you'll need the following .efi drivers:

  • FwRuntimeServices.efi

Do not use VirtualSMC.efi with OpenCore, its already baked inside

Setting in your config.plist:

  • Misc -> Boot

    • PollAppleHotKeys set to YES(While not needed can be helpful)

  • Misc -> Security

    • AuthRestart set to YES(Enables Authenticated restart for FileVault2 so password is not required on reboot. Can be concidered a secuirty risk so optional)

  • NVRAM -> Add -> 4D1EDE05-38C7-4A6A-9CC6-4BCCA8B38C14

    • UIScale set to 02 for high resolution small displays

  • UEFI -> Input

    • KeySupport set to YES(Only when using OpenCore's builtin input, users of UsbKbdxe should avoid)

  • UEFI -> Protocols

    • FirmwareVolume set to YES

    • HashServices set to YES for Haswell and older(this includes X99), this is needed for systems with broken SHA-1 hashing

    • AppleSmcIo set to YES(this replaces VirtualSMC.efi)

  • UEFI -> Quirks

    • ProvideConsoleGOP to YES

    • RequestBootVarRouting set to YES

    • ExitBootServicesDelay set to 5 if you recieve Still waiting for root device on Aptio IV firmwares(Haswell and older)

With all this, you can proceed to enable FileVault like on a normal mac under System Preferences -> Security & Privacy -> FileVault

Scan Policy

What this quirk allows to prevent scanning and booting from untrusted sources. Setting to 0 will allow all sources present to be bootable but calculating a specific ScanPolicy value will allow you a greater range of flexibilty and security.

To calculate the ScanPolicy value, you simply add up all the hexidecimal values(with a hexideciaml calculator, you can access this from the built-in macOS caluclator app with ⌘+3). Once it's all added up, you would add this hexidecimal value to ScanPolicy(you will need to convert it to a decimal value first, Xcode will automatically convert it when you paste it)

0x00000001 (bit 0) — OC_SCAN_FILE_SYSTEM_LOCK

  • restricts scanning to only known file systems defined as a part of this policy. File system drivers may not be aware of this policy, and to avoid mounting of undesired file systems it is best not to load its driver. This bit does not affect dmg mounting, which may have any file system. Known file systems are prefixed with OCSCAN_ALLOW_FS.

0x00000002 (bit 1) — OC_SCAN_DEVICE_LOCK

  • restricts scanning to only known device types defined as a part of this policy. This is not always possible to detect protocol tunneling, so be aware that on some systems it may be possible for e.g. USB HDDs to be recognised as SATA. Cases like this must be reported. Known device types are prefixed with OCSCAN_ALLOW_DEVICE.

0x00000100 (bit 8) — OC_SCAN_ALLOW_FS_APFS

  • allows scanning of APFS file system.

0x00000200 (bit 9) — OC_SCAN_ALLOW_FS_HFS

  • allows scanning of HFS file system.

0x00000400 (bit 10) — OC_SCAN_ALLOW_FS_ESP

  • allows scanning of EFI System Partition file system.

0x00010000 (bit 16) — OC_SCAN_ALLOW_DEVICE_SATA

  • allow scanning SATA devices.

0x00020000 (bit 17) — OC_SCAN_ALLOW_DEVICE_SASEX

  • allow scanning SAS and Mac NVMe devices.

0x00040000 (bit 18) — OC_SCAN_ALLOW_DEVICE_SCSI

  • allow scanning SCSI devices.

0x00080000 (bit 19) — OC_SCAN_ALLOW_DEVICE_NVME

  • allow scanning NVMe devices.

0x00100000 (bit 20) — OC_SCAN_ALLOW_DEVICE_ATAPI

  • allow scanning CD/DVD devices.

0x00200000 (bit 21) — OC_SCAN_ALLOW_DEVICE_USB

  • allow scanning USB devices.

0x00400000 (bit 22) - OC_SCAN_ALLOW_DEVICE_FIREWIRE

  • allow scanning FireWire devices.

0x00800000 (bit 23) — OC_SCAN_ALLOW_DEVICE_SDCARD

  • allow scanning card reader devices.

By default, ScanPolicy is given a value of 0xF0103(983,299) which is the combination of the following:








And lets just say for this example that you want to add OC_SCAN_ALLOW_DEVICE_USB:

0x00200000 + 0xF0103 = 0x2F0103

And converting this to decimal gives us 3,080,451


Work in progress

What is vaulting? Well vaulting is based around 2 things, vault.plist and vault.sig:

  • vault.plist: a "snapshot" of your EFI

  • vault.sig: validation of vault.plist

Do note that nvram.plist won't be vaulted

Setting in your config.plist:

  • RequireSignature set to YES

  • RequireVault set to YES